Paul A. Kirschner, dr.h.c. (1951) is Distinguished University Professor and professor of educational psychology at the Open University of the Netherlands as well as Visiting Professor of Education with a special emphasis on Learning and Interaction in Teacher Education at the University of Oulu, Finland. He is a Research Fellow of the American Educational Research Association, the International Society of the Learning Sciences, and the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities and Social Science. He is a past President (2010-2011) of the International Society for the Learning Sciences and a former member of the Dutch Educational Council and, as such, was advisor to the Minister of Education (2000-2004). He is also a member of the Scientific Technical Council of the Foundation for University Computing Facilities (SURF WTR).